One popular technique is to start fishing close to shore by casting up a light jig and let the wind drift the boat out across a reef (flat). Sometimes certain drifts will go along a ledge, or across a long point, or through a valley or some type structure that catches fish and these passes can be used over and over year after year. These drifts can go for a mile, give or take. Some reefs can go for miles but usually people want to get out of the wind and start behind a island out of the wind and drift out, motor back up, and drift out again and on and on.
Baits are bucktailed jigs, 1/8 to 1/4 ounce, spinner baits, plastic crawdad, worms etc. A carolina rig works well and so does live bait.
Trolling crankbaits work good when fish are in prespawn. Troll reefs, flats, ledges and points in depths of 6-30 feet.
During the latter stages of prespawn look for fish up shallow and cast plastics, jigs, crankbaits and spinner baits. A lot of fish will move into marinas to spawn. after spawn look for bass on the flats and ledges just outside the marinas.
In the Fall look for fish around points. Expect smaller fish up shallow and bigger fish down deep. Use small bucktail jigs, live bait, casting and trolling crankbaits.